Acute pain, regardless of the degree, resolves when tissues heal and is usually a short-term problem. Chronic pain, which is a disease state in itself, may persist for months or years. Acute pain usually involves brief nociceptive input to the central nervous system (CNS), but chronic pain is primarily the result of a neuropathic injury or modulation within the CNS.
Discomfort is ameliorated by a variety of medications, among which are opioids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and steroids. Chronic discomfort can be caused by malignant or non-malignant diseases. Chronic or acute discomfort that results from a malignant condition is usually relieved by opioid therapy; however, some patients become opioid tolerant. Opioids often do ... View More
Chronic Medication Use can cause Nutrient Depletion As patients are diligently taking their prescribed or OTC medications, they could be unknowingly depleting themselves of nutrients. This is constantly seen, many times in the form of medication side effects. Encompasses in this article are some examples of commonly prescribed medications knows to cause nutrient depletion. Vitamin K Depletion Commonly penicillins are used to treat numerous infections. This class of medications have been known to deplete vitamin K, which in turn increases INR. It is thought that penicillins decrease the amount of vitamin K producing bacteria in the GI tract. This can become an issue in patients concomitantly taking Coumadin (warfarin). Most people do not remain on penicillin drugs long enough to ... View More